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subject 세계화와 한국화

세계화는 우리 것을 버리고 서양 것을 따라 하는 것으로 이해되고 있다. 우리 것이 무엇이고 세계화가 무엇인지 다시 생각해볼 때는 아닐까?

지금 우리는 세계화라는 말에 미쳐있다. 교육도 세계화, 언어도 세계화, 문화도 세계화란다. 세계화란 말을 붙이지 않으면 뒤쳐지고 무능하며 나아가서는 미개라고 생각할 정도가 되어가고 있다. 그래서 우리말보다 영어를 먼저 배우고 우리 학교를 버리고 외국 학교로 유학을 간다. 서양사람 같이 보이려고 코를 높이고 머리에 노랑물을 들인다. 심지어는 광대뼈를 깎고 혀를 수술하는 일도 있다고 한다.

  사람만이 아니다. 자연생태계도 외래의 것을 맹신하는 풍조로 우리 것은 멸시 받으며 사라져간다. 황소개구리와 붉은귀거북이가 무적의 제왕 노릇을 하며 재래의 우리 물고기를 마구 먹어 치우고 있다. 우리 땅에서 살아온, 본래의 우리 것은 모두가 외래종에게 밀리거나 그들의 먹이가 되고 있다. 십여 년 전만 해도 학교 둘레에 꽃대가 길고 곧게 올라가는 우리 민들레가 많았는데, 지금은 서양 민들레뿐이다. 서양 민들레는 곤충이 없어도 꽃가루받이가 되는데다가 꽃의 수도 많고, 개화기간도 길며 성장률도 좋은데다가 겨울에도 땅바닥에 잎을 납작하게 붙이고 살아가니 청초하고 고고한 선비의 기질을 닮은 우리의 야생화는 상대가 되지 못한다. 고적이나 사적지의 조경수도 갈수록 우리 초목은 밀려나고 외래수종이 차지해간다. 생태계의 침략이고 점령이다. 얼마전 독립기념관 행사에 갔다가 류관순 생가를 찾았더니 뜰에 일본종 메다세코니아가 서있었다. 메다세코니아가 들어온 지는 오래지 않다. 둘레가 한아름이나 되는 것을 보니 처음 들어왔을 때 심은 듯 했다. 그 곳에 하필이면 일본이 좋아하는 나무를 심었는지 이해가 안 된다. 동식물만 그런 것이 아니다. 교육과 문화며 작은 일용품까지도 모두가 그러하다. 우리 전통의 의(衣), 식(食), 주(住)는 한복, 한식, 한옥이라고 부른다. 서양 문물이 들어오면서 옷, 밥, 집이란 보통명사로 불러야 할 것들은 앞에 한(韓)자를 혹처럼 붙인 특수명사로 바뀌었다. 양약이나 양의사는 그냥 약, 의사이고 우리 약과 의사는 한약, 한의사이다. 우리 소는 한우(韓牛), 우리 과자는 한과(韓果)라고 불린다. 마치 주인이 거리로 쫓겨나고 떠돌이로 들어 온 나그네가 안방을 차지한 격이다. 그것은 ‘우리 한국 것이니까’로 자위한다 치더라도 토종이니 재래니 하는 말에는 후진성이란 의미가 내포되기 때문에 우리 것은 낡고 뒤떨어진 것으로 인식되어 가치가 떨어지고 관심 밖으로 밀려난다. 아이들 입맛도 밥보다 빵을, 숭늉보다는 콜라를 좋아하고 있다. 귀 맛도 눈 맛도 서양화되면서 모습도 서양 사람을 닮아가고 있다. 얼마 전에 만든 영화 ‘춘향뎐’은 한국적 체형의 배우를 찾는데 애를 먹었다고 한다. 깎고 높이고 염색으로 가공하지 않아도 젊은 사람들의 외모나 체격이 우리 것을 잃어가고 있다는 것이다. 우리 것은 전래의 특성마저 변질되어 대부분 서양화 되어가고 있다. 이러다가는 우리 자신마저도 『재래의 순토종한국인』이란 특수명사를 달고 천연기념물처럼 지정보호를 받아야 명맥을 이을 수 있게 될 날이 올지도 모른다.

  세계화라는 것은 강자독식의 문호를 개방한 것이다. 내 것을 귀히 가꾸고 높이지 않으면 노예로 전락할 수밖에 없다는 것을 우리는 생각해야 한다.

                                                
김중상 (국제펜클럽한국본부 부이사장)
27호 (2006.8.31)

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